Mac OS

Here are some cool Mac OS tweaks, apps and tricks.

.bash_profile

Here's my .bashrc file optimized for Mac. It's the best to read the comments in the file to understand all those features. Unfortunately I have no idea where I found this beauty.

#  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
#  Description:  This file holds all my BASH configurations and aliases
#
#  Sections:
#  1.   Environment Configuration
#  2.   Make Terminal Better (remapping defaults and adding functionality)
#  3.   File and Folder Management
#  4.   Searching
#  5.   Process Management
#  6.   Networking
#  7.   System Operations & Information
#  8.   Web Development
#  9.   Reminders & Notes
#
#  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

#   -------------------------------
#   1.  ENVIRONMENT CONFIGURATION
#   -------------------------------

#   Change Prompt
#   ------------------------------------------------------------
    export PS1="\u @ \h (\w) $"     # I use an emoji snail instead of the dollar sign...

#   Set Paths
#   ------------------------------------------------------------
    export PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/bin"
    export PATH="/usr/local/git/bin:/sw/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH"
    export PATH="$PATH:/Applications/Android\ Studio.app/sdk/platform-tools"
    export PATH="$PATH:/Library/PostgreSQL/9.3/bin"
    export PATH="$HOME/.cask/bin:$PATH"
    export ANDROID_HOME=/usr/local/opt/android-sdk

#   Set Default Editor (change 'vi' to the editor of your choice)
#   ------------------------------------------------------------
    export EDITOR=/usr/bin/vi

#   Set default blocksize for ls, df, du
#   from this: http://hints.macworld.com/comment.php?mode=view&cid=24491
#   ------------------------------------------------------------
    export BLOCKSIZE=1k

#   Add color to terminal
#   (this is all commented out as I use the Mac Terminal Profiles)
#   from http://osxdaily.com/2012/02/21/add-color-to-the-terminal-in-mac-os-x/
#   ------------------------------------------------------------
#   export CLICOLOR=1
#   export LSCOLORS=ExFxBxDxCxegedabagacad


#   -----------------------------
#   2.  MAKE TERMINAL BETTER
#   -----------------------------

alias cp='cp -iv'                           # Preferred 'cp' implementation
alias mv='mv -iv'                           # Preferred 'mv' implementation
alias mkdir='mkdir -pv'                     # Preferred 'mkdir' implementation
alias ll='ls -FGlAhp'                       # Preferred 'ls' implementation
alias less='less -FSRXc'                    # Preferred 'less' implementation
cd() { builtin cd "[email protected]"; ll; }               # Always list directory contents upon 'cd'
alias cd..='cd ../'                         # Go back 1 directory level (for fast typers)
alias ..='cd ../'                           # Go back 1 directory level
alias ...='cd ../../'                       # Go back 2 directory levels
alias .3='cd ../../../'                     # Go back 3 directory levels
alias .4='cd ../../../../'                  # Go back 4 directory levels
alias .5='cd ../../../../../'               # Go back 5 directory levels
alias .6='cd ../../../../../../'            # Go back 6 directory levels
alias edit='subl'                           # edit:         Opens any file in sublime editor
alias f='open -a Finder ./'                 # f:            Opens current directory in MacOS Finder
alias ~="cd ~"                              # ~:            Go Home
alias c='clear'                             # c:            Clear terminal display
alias which='type -all'                     # which:        Find executables
alias path='echo -e ${PATH//:/\\n}'         # path:         Echo all executable Paths
alias show_options='shopt'                  # Show_options: display bash options settings
alias fix_stty='stty sane'                  # fix_stty:     Restore terminal settings when screwed up
alias cic='set completion-ignore-case On'   # cic:          Make tab-completion case-insensitive
mcd () { mkdir -p "$1" && cd "$1"; }        # mcd:          Makes new Dir and jumps inside
trash () { command mv "[email protected]" ~/.Trash ; }     # trash:        Moves a file to the MacOS trash
ql () { qlmanage -p "$*" >& /dev/null; }    # ql:           Opens any file in MacOS Quicklook Preview
alias DT='tee ~/Desktop/terminalOut.txt'    # DT:           Pipe content to file on MacOS Desktop

#   lr:  Full Recursive Directory Listing
#   ------------------------------------------
alias lr='ls -R | grep ":$" | sed -e '\''s/:$//'\'' -e '\''s/[^-][^\/]*\//--/g'\'' -e '\''s/^/   /'\'' -e '\''s/-/|/'\'' | less'

#   mans:   Search manpage given in agument '1' for term given in argument '2' (case insensitive)
#           displays paginated result with colored search terms and two lines surrounding each hit.             Example: mans mplayer codec
#   --------------------------------------------------------------------
    mans () {
        man $1 | grep -iC2 --color=always $2 | less
    }

#   showa: to remind yourself of an alias (given some part of it)
#   ------------------------------------------------------------
    showa () { /usr/bin/grep --color=always -i -a1 [email protected] ~/Library/init/bash/aliases.bash | grep -v '^\s*$' | less -FSRXc ; }


#   -------------------------------
#   3.  FILE AND FOLDER MANAGEMENT
#   -------------------------------

zipf () { zip -r "$1".zip "$1" ; }          # zipf:         To create a ZIP archive of a folder
alias numFiles='echo $(ls -1 | wc -l)'      # numFiles:     Count of non-hidden files in current dir
alias make1mb='mkfile 1m ./1MB.dat'         # make1mb:      Creates a file of 1mb size (all zeros)
alias make5mb='mkfile 5m ./5MB.dat'         # make5mb:      Creates a file of 5mb size (all zeros)
alias make10mb='mkfile 10m ./10MB.dat'      # make10mb:     Creates a file of 10mb size (all zeros)

#   cdf:  'Cd's to frontmost window of MacOS Finder
#   ------------------------------------------------------
    cdf () {
        currFolderPath=$( /usr/bin/osascript >>EOT
                        tell application "Finder"
                try
            set currFolder to (folder of the front window as alias)
                on error
            set currFolder to (path to desktop folder as alias)
                end try
                POSIX path of currFolder
            end tell
EOT
        )
        echo "cd to \"$currFolderPath\""
        cd "$currFolderPath"
    }

#   extract:  Extract most know archives with one command
#   ---------------------------------------------------------
    extract () {
        if [ -f $1 ] ; then
          case $1 in
            *.tar.bz2)   tar xjf $1     ;;
            *.tar.gz)    tar xzf $1     ;;
            *.bz2)       bunzip2 $1     ;;
            *.rar)       unrar e $1     ;;
            *.gz)        gunzip $1      ;;
            *.tar)       tar xf $1      ;;
            *.tbz2)      tar xjf $1     ;;
            *.tgz)       tar xzf $1     ;;
            *.zip)       unzip $1       ;;
            *.Z)         uncompress $1  ;;
            *.7z)        7z x $1        ;;
            *)     echo "'$1' cannot be extracted via extract()" ;;
             esac
         else
             echo "'$1' is not a valid file"
         fi
    }


#   ---------------------------
#   4.  SEARCHING
#   ---------------------------

alias qfind="find . -name "                 # qfind:    Quickly search for file
ff () { /usr/bin/find . -name "[email protected]" ; }      # ff:       Find file under the current directory
ffs () { /usr/bin/find . -name "[email protected]"'*' ; }  # ffs:      Find file whose name starts with a given string
ffe () { /usr/bin/find . -name '*'"[email protected]" ; }  # ffe:      Find file whose name ends with a given string

#   spotlight: Search for a file using MacOS Spotlight's metadata
#   -----------------------------------------------------------
    spotlight () { mdfind "kMDItemDisplayName == '[email protected]'wc"; }


#   ---------------------------
#   5.  PROCESS MANAGEMENT
#   ---------------------------

#   findPid: find out the pid of a specified process
#   -----------------------------------------------------
#       Note that the command name can be specified via a regex
#       E.g. findPid '/d$/' finds pids of all processes with names ending in 'd'
#       Without the 'sudo' it will only find processes of the current user
#   -----------------------------------------------------
    findPid () { lsof -t -c "[email protected]" ; }

#   memHogsTop, memHogsPs:  Find memory hogs
#   -----------------------------------------------------
    alias memHogsTop='top -l 1 -o rsize | head -20'
    alias memHogsPs='ps wwaxm -o pid,stat,vsize,rss,time,command | head -10'

#   cpuHogs:  Find CPU hogs
#   -----------------------------------------------------
    alias cpu_hogs='ps wwaxr -o pid,stat,%cpu,time,command | head -10'

#   topForever:  Continual 'top' listing (every 10 seconds)
#   -----------------------------------------------------
    alias topForever='top -l 9999999 -s 10 -o cpu'

#   ttop:  Recommended 'top' invocation to minimize resources
#   ------------------------------------------------------------
#       Taken from this macosxhints article
#       http://www.macosxhints.com/article.php?story=20060816123853639
#   ------------------------------------------------------------
    alias ttop="top -R -F -s 10 -o rsize"

#   my_ps: List processes owned by my user:
#   ------------------------------------------------------------
    my_ps() { ps [email protected] -u $USER -o pid,%cpu,%mem,start,time,bsdtime,command ; }


#   ---------------------------
#   6.  NETWORKING
#   ---------------------------

alias myip='curl ip.appspot.com'                    # myip:         Public facing IP Address
alias netCons='lsof -i'                             # netCons:      Show all open TCP/IP sockets
alias flushDNS='dscacheutil -flushcache'            # flushDNS:     Flush out the DNS Cache
alias lsock='sudo /usr/sbin/lsof -i -P'             # lsock:        Display open sockets
alias lsockU='sudo /usr/sbin/lsof -nP | grep UDP'   # lsockU:       Display only open UDP sockets
alias lsockT='sudo /usr/sbin/lsof -nP | grep TCP'   # lsockT:       Display only open TCP sockets
alias ipInfo0='ipconfig getpacket en0'              # ipInfo0:      Get info on connections for en0
alias ipInfo1='ipconfig getpacket en1'              # ipInfo1:      Get info on connections for en1
alias openPorts='sudo lsof -i | grep LISTEN'        # openPorts:    All listening connections
alias showBlocked='sudo ipfw list'                  # showBlocked:  All ipfw rules inc/ blocked IPs

#   ii:  display useful host related informaton
#   -------------------------------------------------------------------
    ii() {
        echo -e "\nYou are logged on ${RED}$HOST"
        echo -e "\nAdditionnal information:$NC " ; uname -a
        echo -e "\n${RED}Users logged on:$NC " ; w -h
        echo -e "\n${RED}Current date :$NC " ; date
        echo -e "\n${RED}Machine stats :$NC " ; uptime
        echo -e "\n${RED}Current network location :$NC " ; scselect
        echo -e "\n${RED}Public facing IP Address :$NC " ;myip
        #echo -e "\n${RED}DNS Configuration:$NC " ; scutil --dns
        echo
    }


#   ---------------------------------------
#   7.  SYSTEMS OPERATIONS & INFORMATION
#   ---------------------------------------

alias mountReadWrite='/sbin/mount -uw /'    # mountReadWrite:   For use when booted into single-user

#   cleanupDS:  Recursively delete .DS_Store files
#   -------------------------------------------------------------------
    alias cleanupDS="find . -type f -name '*.DS_Store' -ls -delete"

#   finderShowHidden:   Show hidden files in Finder
#   finderHideHidden:   Hide hidden files in Finder
#   -------------------------------------------------------------------
    alias finderShowHidden='defaults write com.apple.finder ShowAllFiles TRUE'
    alias finderHideHidden='defaults write com.apple.finder ShowAllFiles FALSE'

#   cleanupLS:  Clean up LaunchServices to remove duplicates in the "Open With" menu
#   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    alias cleanupLS="/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreServices.framework/Frameworks/LaunchServices.framework/Support/lsregister -kill -r -domain local -domain system -domain user && killall Finder"

#    screensaverDesktop: Run a screensaver on the Desktop
#   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    alias screensaverDesktop='/System/Library/Frameworks/ScreenSaver.framework/Resources/ScreenSaverEngine.app/Contents/MacOS/ScreenSaverEngine -background'

#   ---------------------------------------
#   8.  WEB DEVELOPMENT
#   ---------------------------------------

alias apacheEdit='sudo edit /etc/httpd/httpd.conf'      # apacheEdit:       Edit httpd.conf
alias apacheRestart='sudo apachectl graceful'           # apacheRestart:    Restart Apache
alias editHosts='sudo edit /etc/hosts'                  # editHosts:        Edit /etc/hosts file
alias herr='tail /var/log/httpd/error_log'              # herr:             Tails HTTP error logs
alias apacheLogs="less +F /var/log/apache2/error_log"   # Apachelogs:   Shows apache error logs
httpHeaders () { /usr/bin/curl -I -L [email protected] ; }             # httpHeaders:      Grabs headers from web page

#   httpDebug:  Download a web page and show info on what took time
#   -------------------------------------------------------------------
    httpDebug () { /usr/bin/curl [email protected] -o /dev/null -w "dns: %{time_namelookup} connect: %{time_connect} pretransfer: %{time_pretransfer} starttransfer: %{time_starttransfer} total: %{time_total}\n" ; }


#   ---------------------------------------
#   9.  REMINDERS & NOTES
#   ---------------------------------------

#   remove_disk: spin down unneeded disk
#   ---------------------------------------
#   diskutil eject /dev/disk1s3

#   to change the password on an encrypted disk image:
#   ---------------------------------------
#   hdiutil chpass /path/to/the/diskimage

#   to mount a read-only disk image as read-write:
#   ---------------------------------------
#   hdiutil attach example.dmg -shadow /tmp/example.shadow -noverify

#   mounting a removable drive (of type msdos or hfs)
#   ---------------------------------------
#   mkdir /Volumes/Foo
#   ls /dev/disk*   to find out the device to use in the mount command)
#   mount -t msdos /dev/disk1s1 /Volumes/Foo
#   mount -t hfs /dev/disk1s1 /Volumes/Foo

#   to create a file of a given size: /usr/sbin/mkfile or /usr/bin/hdiutil
#   ---------------------------------------
#   e.g.: mkfile 10m 10MB.dat
#   e.g.: hdiutil create -size 10m 10MB.dmg
#   the above create files that are almost all zeros - if random bytes are desired
#   then use: ~/Dev/Perl/randBytes 1048576 < 10MB.dat

Terminal Notifier

Terminal Notifier is a command-line tool to send Mac OS X User Notifications, which are available in Mac OS X 10.8 and higher. This basically means, that you got a nice possibility to get notified, when something happens in a script you wrote.

For example, you could get a notification every time rkhunter does a check. Or you could write a cronjob for something. The posibilities are endless. Everything you need to install this is homebrew (scroll down a bit) and the following command: brew install terminal-notifier.

Usage

terminal-notifier -[message|list|remove] [VALUE|ID|ID] [options]

   Either of these is required (unless message data is piped to the tool):

       -help              Display this help banner.
       -message VALUE     The notification message.
       -remove ID         Removes a notification with the specified ‘group’ ID.
       -list ID           If the specified ‘group’ ID exists show when it was delivered,
                          or use ‘ALL’ as ID to see all notifications.
                          The output is a tab-separated list.

   Optional:

       -title VALUE       The notification title. Defaults to ‘Terminal’.
       -subtitle VALUE    The notification subtitle.
       -sound NAME        The name of a sound to play when the notification appears. The names are listed
                          in Sound Preferences. Use 'default' for the default notification sound.
       -group ID          A string which identifies the group the notifications belong to.
                          Old notifications with the same ID will be removed.
       -activate ID       The bundle identifier of the application to activate when the user clicks the notification.
       -sender ID         The bundle identifier of the application that should be shown as the sender, including its icon.
       -appIcon URL       The URL of a image to display instead of the application icon (Mavericks+ only)
       -contentImage URL  The URL of a image to display attached to the notification (Mavericks+ only)
       -open URL          The URL of a resource to open when the user clicks the notification.
       -execute COMMAND   A shell command to perform when the user clicks the notification.

When the user activates a notification, the results are logged to the system logs.
Use Console.app to view these logs.

Note that in some circumstances the first character of a message has to be escaped in order to be recognized.
An example of this is when using an open bracket, which has to be escaped like so: ‘\[’.

Mac Linux USB Loader

Mac Linux USB Loader is an application for writing a bootable Linux distro to a flash drive. Unfortunately I can't currently use it, because my MBP (late 2011) doesn't support booting from USB.

Homebrew

Homebrew is THE tool for Mac OS X. It's a package manager which gives you the ability to install all the software missing on a Mac (like wget).

You can install it using the one-liner below:

ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"

The script will explain what it does and will wait for confirmation before touching anything.

Homebrew is available at GitHub.

Awesome Apps

  • Bartender
    • Bartender is a neat app that let's you hide unwanted menubar symbols into a hideable second-level menu.
    • It costs about 16 € but has a four week trial.
  • Amphetamine
    • Amphetamine is an app which lets you disable your Mac's sleep setting either temporarily or persistent.
    • It's similar but better than Caffeine and has a better symbol in the menubar.

OS X Setup script

This script will activate a lot of cool stuff for you. Please read it and comment out the stuff that you don't want. I know it's huge.

#!/usr/bin/env bash

# START THIS THING AS ROOT

# Check for root
if [[ $EUID -ne 0 ]]; then
   echo "This script must be run as root. Have you even read it?" 1>&2
   exit 1
fi


# Set the hostname
echo -n "Enter your preferred hostname and press [ENTER]: "
read hostnm

sudo scutil --set HostName $hostnm

# Ask for the administrator password upfront
#sudo -v

# Keep-alive: update existing `sudo` time stamp until `.osx` has finished (deactivated coz not working)
#while true; do sudo -n true; sleep 60; kill -0 "$$" || exit; done 2>/dev/null &

###############################################################################
# General UI/UX                                                               #
###############################################################################

# Set computer name (as done via System Preferences → Sharing)
#sudo scutil --set ComputerName "0x6D746873"
#sudo scutil --set HostName "0x6D746873"
#sudo scutil --set LocalHostName "0x6D746873"
#sudo defaults write /Library/Preferences/SystemConfiguration/com.apple.smb.server NetBIOSName -string "0x6D746873"

# Set standby delay to 24 hours (default is 1 hour)
#sudo pmset -a standbydelay 86400

# Disable the sound effects on boot
nvram SystemAudioVolume=" "

# Menu bar: disable transparency
#defaults write NSGlobalDomain AppleEnableMenuBarTransparency -bool false

# Menu bar: hide the Time Machine, Volume, User, and Bluetooth icons
#defaults write ~/Library/Preferences/ByHost/com.apple.systemuiserver.* dontAutoLoad -array \
#	defaults write "${domain}" dontAutoLoad -array \
#	"/System/Library/CoreServices/Menu Extras/TimeMachine.menu" \
#	"/System/Library/CoreServices/Menu Extras/Volume.menu" \
#	"/System/Library/CoreServices/Menu Extras/User.menu" \
#done
defaults write com.apple.systemuiserver menuExtras -array \
#	"/System/Library/CoreServices/Menu Extras/Bluetooth.menu"
#	"/System/Library/CoreServices/Menu Extras/AirPort.menu" \
#	"/System/Library/CoreServices/Menu Extras/Battery.menu" \
#	"/System/Library/CoreServices/Menu Extras/Clock.menu"

# Set highlight color to green
defaults write NSGlobalDomain AppleHighlightColor -string "0.77254901814 0.80784313572 0.85098039054"

# Set sidebar icon size to medium
defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSTableViewDefaultSizeMode -int 2

# Always show scrollbars
defaults write NSGlobalDomain AppleShowScrollBars -string "Always"
# Possible values: `WhenScrolling`, `Automatic` and `Always`

# Disable smooth scrolling
# (Uncomment if you’re on an older Mac that messes up the animation)
#defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSScrollAnimationEnabled -bool false

# Increase window resize speed for Cocoa applications
defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSWindowResizeTime -float 0.001

# Expand save panel by default
defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSNavPanelExpandedStateForSaveMode -bool true
defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSNavPanelExpandedStateForSaveMode2 -bool true

# Expand print panel by default
defaults write NSGlobalDomain PMPrintingExpandedStateForPrint -bool true
defaults write NSGlobalDomain PMPrintingExpandedStateForPrint2 -bool true

# Save to disk (not to iCloud) by default
defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSDocumentSaveNewDocumentsToCloud -bool false

# Automatically quit printer app once the print jobs complete
defaults write com.apple.print.PrintingPrefs "Quit When Finished" -bool true

# Disable the “Are you sure you want to open this application?” dialog
defaults write com.apple.LaunchServices LSQuarantine -bool false

# Remove duplicates in the “Open With” menu (also see `lscleanup` alias)
/System/Library/Frameworks/CoreServices.framework/Frameworks/LaunchServices.framework/Support/lsregister -kill -r -domain local -domain system -domain user

# Display ASCII control characters using caret notation in standard text views
# Try e.g. `cd /tmp; unidecode "\x{0000}" > cc.txt; open -e cc.txt`
defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSTextShowsControlCharacters -bool true

# Disable Resume system-wide
#defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSQuitAlwaysKeepsWindows -bool false

# Disable automatic termination of inactive apps
#defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSDisableAutomaticTermination -bool true

# Disable the crash reporter
#defaults write com.apple.CrashReporter DialogType -string "none"

# Set Help Viewer windows to non-floating mode
defaults write com.apple.helpviewer DevMode -bool true

# Fix for the ancient UTF-8 bug in QuickLook (http://mths.be/bbo)
# Commented out, as this is known to cause problems in various Adobe apps :(
# See https://github.com/mathiasbynens/dotfiles/issues/237
#echo "0x08000100:0" > ~/.CFUserTextEncoding

# Reveal IP address, hostname, OS version, etc. when clicking the clock
# in the login window
sudo defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.loginwindow AdminHostInfo HostName

# Restart automatically if the computer freezes
sudo systemsetup -setrestartfreeze on

# Never go into computer sleep mode
#sudo systemsetup -setcomputersleep Off > /dev/null

# Check for software updates daily, not just once per week
defaults write com.apple.SoftwareUpdate ScheduleFrequency -int 1

# Disable Notification Center and remove the menu bar icon
#launchctl unload -w /System/Library/LaunchAgents/com.apple.notificationcenterui.plist 2> /dev/null

# Disable smart quotes as they’re annoying when typing code
defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSAutomaticQuoteSubstitutionEnabled -bool false

# Disable smart dashes as they’re annoying when typing code
defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSAutomaticDashSubstitutionEnabled -bool false

# Set a custom wallpaper image. `DefaultDesktop.jpg` is already a symlink, and
# all wallpapers are in `/Library/Desktop Pictures/`. The default is `Wave.jpg`.
#rm -rf ~/Library/Application Support/Dock/desktoppicture.db
#sudo rm -rf /System/Library/CoreServices/DefaultDesktop.jpg
#sudo ln -s /path/to/your/image /System/Library/CoreServices/DefaultDesktop.jpg

###############################################################################
# SSD-specific tweaks                                                         #
###############################################################################

# Disable local Time Machine snapshots
sudo tmutil disablelocal

# Disable hibernation (speeds up entering sleep mode)
sudo pmset -a hibernatemode 0

# Remove the sleep image file to save disk space
sudo rm /Private/var/vm/sleepimage
# Create a zero-byte file instead…
sudo touch /Private/var/vm/sleepimage
# …and make sure it can’t be rewritten
sudo chflags uchg /Private/var/vm/sleepimage

# Disable the sudden motion sensor as it’s not useful for SSDs
#sudo pmset -a sms 0

###############################################################################
# Trackpad, mouse, keyboard, Bluetooth accessories, and input                 #
###############################################################################

# Trackpad: enable tap to click for this user and for the login screen
defaults write com.apple.driver.AppleBluetoothMultitouch.trackpad Clicking -bool true
defaults -currentHost write NSGlobalDomain com.apple.mouse.tapBehavior -int 1
defaults write NSGlobalDomain com.apple.mouse.tapBehavior -int 1

# Trackpad: map bottom right corner to right-click
#defaults write com.apple.driver.AppleBluetoothMultitouch.trackpad TrackpadCornerSecondaryClick -int 2
#defaults write com.apple.driver.AppleBluetoothMultitouch.trackpad TrackpadRightClick -bool true
#defaults -currentHost write NSGlobalDomain com.apple.trackpad.trackpadCornerClickBehavior -int 1
#defaults -currentHost write NSGlobalDomain com.apple.trackpad.enableSecondaryClick -bool true

# Trackpad: right-click by tapping with two fingers
defaults write com.apple.driver.AppleBluetoothMultitouch.trackpad TrackpadRightClick -bool true
defaults -currentHost write NSGlobalDomain com.apple.trackpad.enableSecondaryClick -bool true

# Disable “natural” (Lion-style) scrolling
defaults write NSGlobalDomain com.apple.swipescrolldirection -bool false

# Increase sound quality for Bluetooth headphones/headsets
#defaults write com.apple.BluetoothAudioAgent "Apple Bitpool Min (editable)" -int 40

# Enable full keyboard access for all controls
# (e.g. enable Tab in modal dialogs)
defaults write NSGlobalDomain AppleKeyboardUIMode -int 3

# Use scroll gesture with the Ctrl (^) modifier key to zoom
defaults write com.apple.universalaccess closeViewScrollWheelToggle -bool true
defaults write com.apple.universalaccess HIDScrollZoomModifierMask -int 262144
# Follow the keyboard focus while zoomed in
defaults write com.apple.universalaccess closeViewZoomFollowsFocus -bool true

# Disable press-and-hold for keys in favor of key repeat
defaults write NSGlobalDomain ApplePressAndHoldEnabled -bool false

# Set a blazingly fast keyboard repeat rate
defaults write NSGlobalDomain KeyRepeat -int 0

# Set language and text formats
# Note: if you’re in the US, replace `EUR` with `USD`, `Centimeters` with
# `Inches`, `en_GB` with `en_US`, and `true` with `false`.
defaults write NSGlobalDomain AppleLanguages -array "de" "en"
defaults write NSGlobalDomain AppleLocale -string "[email protected]=EUR"
defaults write NSGlobalDomain AppleMeasurementUnits -string "Centimeters"
defaults write NSGlobalDomain AppleMetricUnits -bool true

# Set the timezone; see `sudo systemsetup -listtimezones` for other values
sudo systemsetup -settimezone "Europe/Berlin" > /dev/null

# Disable auto-correct
#defaults write NSGlobalDomain NSAutomaticSpellingCorrectionEnabled -bool false

# Stop iTunes from responding to the keyboard media keys
#launchctl unload -w /System/Library/LaunchAgents/com.apple.rcd.plist 2> /dev/null

###############################################################################
# Screen                                                                      #
###############################################################################

# Require password immediately after sleep or screen saver begins
defaults write com.apple.screensaver askForPassword -int 1
defaults write com.apple.screensaver askForPasswordDelay -int 0

# Save screenshots to the desktop
defaults write com.apple.screencapture location -string "${HOME}/Desktop"

# Save screenshots in PNG format (other options: BMP, GIF, JPG, PDF, TIFF)
defaults write com.apple.screencapture type -string "png"

# Disable shadow in screenshots
defaults write com.apple.screencapture disable-shadow -bool true

# Enable subpixel font rendering on non-Apple LCDs
defaults write NSGlobalDomain AppleFontSmoothing -int 2

# Enable HiDPI display modes (requires restart)
sudo defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.windowserver DisplayResolutionEnabled -bool true

###############################################################################
# Finder                                                                      #
###############################################################################

# Finder: allow quitting via ⌘ + Q; doing so will also hide desktop icons
#defaults write com.apple.finder QuitMenuItem -bool true

# Finder: disable window animations and Get Info animations
#defaults write com.apple.finder DisableAllAnimations -bool true

# Set Desktop as the default location for new Finder windows
# For other paths, use `PfLo` and `file:///full/path/here/`
defaults write com.apple.finder NewWindowTarget -string "PfDe"
defaults write com.apple.finder NewWindowTargetPath -string "file://${HOME}/Desktop/"

# Show icons for hard drives, servers, and removable media on the desktop
defaults write com.apple.finder ShowExternalHardDrivesOnDesktop -bool true
defaults write com.apple.finder ShowHardDrivesOnDesktop -bool true
defaults write com.apple.finder ShowMountedServersOnDesktop -bool true
defaults write com.apple.finder ShowRemovableMediaOnDesktop -bool true

# Finder: show hidden files by default
#defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles -bool true

# Finder: show all filename extensions
defaults write NSGlobalDomain AppleShowAllExtensions -bool true

# Finder: show status bar
defaults write com.apple.finder ShowStatusBar -bool true

# Finder: show path bar
defaults write com.apple.finder ShowPathbar -bool true

# Finder: allow text selection in Quick Look
defaults write com.apple.finder QLEnableTextSelection -bool true

# Display full POSIX path as Finder window title
defaults write com.apple.finder _FXShowPosixPathInTitle -bool true

# When performing a search, search the current folder by default
defaults write com.apple.finder FXDefaultSearchScope -string "SCcf"

# Disable the warning when changing a file extension
defaults write com.apple.finder FXEnableExtensionChangeWarning -bool false

# Enable spring loading for directories
defaults write NSGlobalDomain com.apple.springing.enabled -bool true

# Remove the spring loading delay for directories
defaults write NSGlobalDomain com.apple.springing.delay -float 0

# Avoid creating .DS_Store files on network volumes
defaults write com.apple.desktopservices DSDontWriteNetworkStores -bool true

# Disable disk image verification
defaults write com.apple.frameworks.diskimages skip-verify -bool true
defaults write com.apple.frameworks.diskimages skip-verify-locked -bool true
defaults write com.apple.frameworks.diskimages skip-verify-remote -bool true

# Automatically open a new Finder window when a volume is mounted
#defaults write com.apple.frameworks.diskimages auto-open-ro-root -bool true
#defaults write com.apple.frameworks.diskimages auto-open-rw-root -bool true
#defaults write com.apple.finder OpenWindowForNewRemovableDisk -bool true

# Show item info near icons on the desktop and in other icon views
#/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :DesktopViewSettings:IconViewSettings:showItemInfo true" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
#/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :FK_StandardViewSettings:IconViewSettings:showItemInfo true" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
#/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :StandardViewSettings:IconViewSettings:showItemInfo true" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist

# Show item info to the right of the icons on the desktop
#/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set DesktopViewSettings:IconViewSettings:labelOnBottom false" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist

# Enable snap-to-grid for icons on the desktop and in other icon views
/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :DesktopViewSettings:IconViewSettings:arrangeBy grid" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :FK_StandardViewSettings:IconViewSettings:arrangeBy grid" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :StandardViewSettings:IconViewSettings:arrangeBy grid" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist

# Increase grid spacing for icons on the desktop and in other icon views
#/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :DesktopViewSettings:IconViewSettings:gridSpacing 100" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
#/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :FK_StandardViewSettings:IconViewSettings:gridSpacing 100" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
#/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :StandardViewSettings:IconViewSettings:gridSpacing 100" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist

# Increase the size of icons on the desktop and in other icon views
/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :DesktopViewSettings:IconViewSettings:iconSize 36" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :FK_StandardViewSettings:IconViewSettings:iconSize 36" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist
/usr/libexec/PlistBuddy -c "Set :StandardViewSettings:IconViewSettings:iconSize 36" ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.finder.plist

# Use list view in all Finder windows by default
# Four-letter codes for the other view modes: `icnv`, `clmv`, `Flwv`
defaults write com.apple.finder FXPreferredViewStyle -string "Nlsv"

# Disable the warning before emptying the Trash
defaults write com.apple.finder WarnOnEmptyTrash -bool false

# Empty Trash securely by default
defaults write com.apple.finder EmptyTrashSecurely -bool true

# Enable AirDrop over Ethernet and on unsupported Macs running Lion
defaults write com.apple.NetworkBrowser BrowseAllInterfaces -bool true

# Enable the MacBook Air SuperDrive on any Mac
sudo nvram boot-args="mbasd=1"

# Show the ~/Library folder
chflags nohidden ~/Library

# Remove Dropbox’s green checkmark icons in Finder
file=/Applications/Dropbox.app/Contents/Resources/emblem-dropbox-uptodate.icns
[ -e "${file}" ] && mv -f "${file}" "${file}.bak"

# Expand the following File Info panes:
# “General”, “Open with”, and “Sharing & Permissions”
defaults write com.apple.finder FXInfoPanesExpanded -dict \
	General -bool true \
	OpenWith -bool true \
	Privileges -bool true

###############################################################################
# Dock, Dashboard, and hot corners                                            #
###############################################################################

# Enable highlight hover effect for the grid view of a stack (Dock)
defaults write com.apple.dock mouse-over-hilite-stack -bool true

# Set the icon size of Dock items to 36 pixels
defaults write com.apple.dock tilesize -int 36

# Change minimize/maximize window effect
defaults write com.apple.dock mineffect -string "scale"

# Minimize windows into their application’s icon
#defaults write com.apple.dock minimize-to-application -bool true

# Enable spring loading for all Dock items
defaults write com.apple.dock enable-spring-load-actions-on-all-items -bool true

# Show indicator lights for open applications in the Dock
defaults write com.apple.dock show-process-indicators -bool true

# Wipe all (default) app icons from the Dock
# This is only really useful when setting up a new Mac, or if you don’t use
# the Dock to launch apps.
#defaults write com.apple.dock persistent-apps -array ""

# Don’t animate opening applications from the Dock
#defaults write com.apple.dock launchanim -bool false

# Speed up Mission Control animations
defaults write com.apple.dock expose-animation-duration -float 0.1

# Don’t group windows by application in Mission Control
# (i.e. use the old Exposé behavior instead)
defaults write com.apple.dock expose-group-by-app -bool false

# Disable Dashboard
defaults write com.apple.dashboard mcx-disabled -bool true

# Don’t show Dashboard as a Space
defaults write com.apple.dock dashboard-in-overlay -bool true

# Don’t automatically rearrange Spaces based on most recent use
defaults write com.apple.dock mru-spaces -bool false

# Remove the auto-hiding Dock delay
#defaults write com.apple.dock autohide-delay -float 0
# Remove the animation when hiding/showing the Dock
#defaults write com.apple.dock autohide-time-modifier -float 0

# Enable the 2D Dock
#defaults write com.apple.dock no-glass -bool true

# Automatically hide and show the Dock
#defaults write com.apple.dock autohide -bool true

# Make Dock icons of hidden applications translucent
defaults write com.apple.dock showhidden -bool true

# Make Dock more transparent
defaults write com.apple.dock hide-mirror -bool true

# Disable the Launchpad gesture (pinch with thumb and three fingers)
#defaults write com.apple.dock showLaunchpadGestureEnabled -int 0

# Reset Launchpad, but keep the desktop wallpaper intact
find "${HOME}/Library/Application Support/Dock" -name "*-*.db" -maxdepth 1 -delete

# Add a spacer to the left side of the Dock (where the applications are)
#defaults write com.apple.dock persistent-apps -array-add '{tile-data={}; tile-type="spacer-tile";}'
# Add a spacer to the right side of the Dock (where the Trash is)
#defaults write com.apple.dock persistent-others -array-add '{tile-data={}; tile-type="spacer-tile";}'

# Hot corners
# Possible values:
#  0: no-op
#  2: Mission Control
#  3: Show application windows
#  4: Desktop
#  5: Start screen saver
#  6: Disable screen saver
#  7: Dashboard
# 10: Put display to sleep
# 11: Launchpad
# 12: Notification Center
# Top left screen corner → Show application windows
#defaults write com.apple.dock wvous-tl-corner -int 3
#defaults write com.apple.dock wvous-tl-modifier -int 0
# Top right screen corner → Desktop
#defaults write com.apple.dock wvous-tr-corner -int 4
#defaults write com.apple.dock wvous-tr-modifier -int 0
# Bottom left screen corner → Start screen saver
#defaults write com.apple.dock wvous-bl-corner -int 5
#defaults write com.apple.dock wvous-bl-modifier -int 0

###############################################################################
# Safari & WebKit                                                             #
###############################################################################

# Set Safari’s home page to `about:blank` for faster loading
#defaults write com.apple.Safari HomePage -string "about:blank"

# Prevent Safari from opening ‘safe’ files automatically after downloading
defaults write com.apple.Safari AutoOpenSafeDownloads -bool false

# Allow hitting the Backspace key to go to the previous page in history
#defaults write com.apple.Safari com.apple.Safari.ContentPageGroupIdentifier.WebKit2BackspaceKeyNavigationEnabled -bool true

# Hide Safari’s bookmarks bar by default
defaults write com.apple.Safari ShowFavoritesBar -bool false

# Hide Safari’s sidebar in Top Sites
#defaults write com.apple.Safari ShowSidebarInTopSites -bool false

# Disable Safari’s thumbnail cache for History and Top Sites
#defaults write com.apple.Safari DebugSnapshotsUpdatePolicy -int 2

# Enable Safari’s debug menu
defaults write com.apple.Safari IncludeInternalDebugMenu -bool true

# Make Safari’s search banners default to Contains instead of Starts With
defaults write com.apple.Safari FindOnPageMatchesWordStartsOnly -bool false

# Remove useless icons from Safari’s bookmarks bar
#defaults write com.apple.Safari ProxiesInBookmarksBar "()"

# Enable the Develop menu and the Web Inspector in Safari
defaults write com.apple.Safari IncludeDevelopMenu -bool true
defaults write com.apple.Safari WebKitDeveloperExtrasEnabledPreferenceKey -bool true
defaults write com.apple.Safari com.apple.Safari.ContentPageGroupIdentifier.WebKit2DeveloperExtrasEnabled -bool true

# Add a context menu item for showing the Web Inspector in web views
defaults write NSGlobalDomain WebKitDeveloperExtras -bool true

###############################################################################
# Mail                                                                        #
###############################################################################

# Disable send and reply animations in Mail.app
#defaults write com.apple.mail DisableReplyAnimations -bool true
#defaults write com.apple.mail DisableSendAnimations -bool true

# Copy email addresses as `[email protected]example.com` instead of `Foo Bar <[email protected]>` in Mail.app
defaults write com.apple.mail AddressesIncludeNameOnPasteboard -bool false

# Add the keyboard shortcut ⌘ + Enter to send an email in Mail.app
defaults write com.apple.mail NSUserKeyEquivalents -dict-add "Send" -string "@\\U21a9"

# Display emails in threaded mode, sorted by date (oldest at the top)
defaults write com.apple.mail DraftsViewerAttributes -dict-add "DisplayInThreadedMode" -string "yes"
#defaults write com.apple.mail DraftsViewerAttributes -dict-add "SortedDescending" -string "yes"
defaults write com.apple.mail DraftsViewerAttributes -dict-add "SortOrder" -string "received-date"

# Disable inline attachments (just show the icons)
defaults write com.apple.mail DisableInlineAttachmentViewing -bool true

# Disable automatic spell checking
#defaults write com.apple.mail SpellCheckingBehavior -string "NoSpellCheckingEnabled"

###############################################################################
# Spotlight                                                                   #
###############################################################################

# Hide Spotlight tray-icon (and subsequent helper)
#sudo chmod 600 /System/Library/CoreServices/Search.bundle/Contents/MacOS/Search
# Disable Spotlight indexing for any volume that gets mounted and has not yet
# been indexed before.
# Use `sudo mdutil -i off "/Volumes/foo"` to stop indexing any volume.
sudo defaults write /.Spotlight-V100/VolumeConfiguration Exclusions -array "/Volumes"
# Change indexing order and disable some file types
#defaults write com.apple.spotlight orderedItems -array \
#	'{"enabled" = 1;"name" = "APPLICATIONS";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 1;"name" = "SYSTEM_PREFS";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 1;"name" = "DIRECTORIES";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 1;"name" = "PDF";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 1;"name" = "FONTS";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "DOCUMENTS";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "MESSAGES";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "CONTACT";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "EVENT_TODO";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "IMAGES";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "BOOKMARKS";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "MUSIC";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "MOVIES";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "PRESENTATIONS";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "SPREADSHEETS";}' \
#	'{"enabled" = 0;"name" = "SOURCE";}'
# Load new settings before rebuilding the index
#killall mds > /dev/null 2>&1
# Make sure indexing is enabled for the main volume
#sudo mdutil -i on / > /dev/null
# Rebuild the index from scratch
#sudo mdutil -E / > /dev/null

###############################################################################
# Terminal & iTerm 2                                                          #
###############################################################################

# Only use UTF-8 in Terminal.app
defaults write com.apple.terminal StringEncodings -array 4

###############################################################################
# Time Machine                                                                #
###############################################################################

# Prevent Time Machine from prompting to use new hard drives as backup volume
defaults write com.apple.TimeMachine DoNotOfferNewDisksForBackup -bool true

# Disable local Time Machine backups
hash tmutil &> /dev/null && sudo tmutil disablelocal

###############################################################################
# Activity Monitor                                                            #
###############################################################################

# Show the main window when launching Activity Monitor
defaults write com.apple.ActivityMonitor OpenMainWindow -bool true

# Visualize CPU usage in the Activity Monitor Dock icon
defaults write com.apple.ActivityMonitor IconType -int 5

# Show all processes in Activity Monitor
defaults write com.apple.ActivityMonitor ShowCategory -int 0

# Sort Activity Monitor results by CPU usage
defaults write com.apple.ActivityMonitor SortColumn -string "CPUUsage"
defaults write com.apple.ActivityMonitor SortDirection -int 0

###############################################################################
# Address Book, Dashboard, iCal, TextEdit, and Disk Utility                   #
###############################################################################

# Enable the debug menu in Address Book
defaults write com.apple.addressbook ABShowDebugMenu -bool true

# Use plain text mode for new TextEdit documents
defaults write com.apple.TextEdit RichText -int 0
# Open and save files as UTF-8 in TextEdit
defaults write com.apple.TextEdit PlainTextEncoding -int 4
defaults write com.apple.TextEdit PlainTextEncodingForWrite -int 4

# Enable the debug menu in Disk Utility
defaults write com.apple.DiskUtility DUDebugMenuEnabled -bool true
defaults write com.apple.DiskUtility advanced-image-options -bool true

###############################################################################
# Mac App Store                                                               #
###############################################################################

# Enable the WebKit Developer Tools in the Mac App Store
defaults write com.apple.appstore WebKitDeveloperExtras -bool true

# Enable Debug Menu in the Mac App Store
defaults write com.apple.appstore ShowDebugMenu -bool true

###############################################################################
# Messages                                                                    #
###############################################################################

# Disable automatic emoji substitution (i.e. use plain text smileys)
defaults write com.apple.messageshelper.MessageController SOInputLineSettings -dict-add "automaticEmojiSubstitutionEnablediMessage" -bool false

# Disable smart quotes as it’s annoying for messages that contain code
defaults write com.apple.messageshelper.MessageController SOInputLineSettings -dict-add "automaticQuoteSubstitutionEnabled" -bool false

# Disable continuous spell checking
#defaults write com.apple.messageshelper.MessageController SOInputLineSettings -dict-add "continuousSpellCheckingEnabled" -bool false

###############################################################################
# Google Chrome & Google Chrome Canary                                        #
###############################################################################

# Allow installing user scripts via GitHub Gist or Userscripts.org
defaults write com.google.Chrome ExtensionInstallSources -array "https://gist.githubusercontent.com/" "http://userscripts.org/*"
defaults write com.google.Chrome.canary ExtensionInstallSources -array "https://gist.githubusercontent.com/" "http://userscripts.org/*"

###############################################################################
# Reboot                                                                      #
###############################################################################

reboot

Hosts file update script

I needed to manually add my current IP into my /private/etc/hosts file because InetAdress.getLocalHost() (java) was unable to get my IP and hostname. Because I'm lazy, I wrote a script which does exactly that.

Get it on Mzulft

lsusb on OS X

If you've worked with Linux before and had to do some sysop stuff, you might know the shell command lsusb(8).

This tool prints out any connected USB devices on your system and it's not installed in OS X per default.

Anyway, someone seemed to need it that bad that he (or she) made it available using Homebrew. The code is hosted on GitHub. Here's how to install it:

  • brew update
  • brew tap jlhonora/lsusb
  • brew install lsusb